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Wildlife/Animals In Kibale Forest

Animals In Kibale National Park | Kibale National Park Animals

Kibale National Park has over 70 species of animals recorded. These include 13 primate species with over 1500 Chimpanzees. Kibale is the best place for Uganda chimpanzee safaris.

Kibale National Park holds the highest concentration of Primates in Africa thus, dubbed the Primate Capital of Africa.

Some of the amazing primates in Kibale include Olive Baboons, Blue Monkeys, Red-tailed, L’hoest, and Black and White Colobus Monkeys. Nocturnals include Bushbabies and Pottos.

Not only is Kibale Uganda a paradise for primates, but the park also holds other animals. African forest Elephants, Buffalos, Leopards, Warthogs, Giant forest hogs, Bushbucks, Sitatungas, and forest Duikers can be spotted, etc.

Please note that:

During your Chimpanzee trekking in Kibale Forest in Kanyanchu area, some animals can be spotted. Most chimp treks in Kibale are done along the Kanyanchu chimpanzee trail.

Below are Kibale National Park Animals

A. Primates In Kibale National Park

Over 13 primate species have been recorded in Kibale National Park, including the endangered Chimpanzees, Red-tailed Monkeys etc. Kibale holds the highest concentration of primates in Africa thus, called the Primate Capital of Africa.

Here are the amazing primates in Kibale forest national park

  1. Chimpanzees- Pan Troglodytes

Science proves that chimpanzees share over 98.7% of man’s DNA. Therefore, they’re considered the closest relatives of man than any other great ape.

They’ve been recorded modifying tools e.g. Using sticks to get termites out of their mounds and gathering leaves to scoop water.

Chimps are covered in a brown or black hair coat. However, their faces are bare excluding the short white beard. Their skin is typically white apart from the face, hands, and feet, which are black. The faces of younger ones may be pinkish or whitish.

They live in communities of about 20-150 individuals led by a dominant alpha male. Chimps give birth at the age of 4-5 years and their life span in captivity on average is 15-30 years.

During nature walks, Chimpanzees can be spotted. This is along the Kanyanchu Chimp trail in Kibale National Park.

  1. Olive Baboons- Papio Anubis

Olive Baboons are large, and heavily built monkeys with sturdy limbs. They are found only in 25 Equatorial African countries.

Baboons feature a green-grey fur coat. Note their unmistakable scary faces which have doglike pointed muzzles and powerful jaws with long pointed canine teeth.

In Kibale forest national park, Baboons are mostly found in the Sebitoli sector. However, they can be found in a range of environments.

  1. Black And White Colobus Monkey- Colobus

A Black-and-white Colobus Monkey is species of Old-world Monkey. It’s a lovely monkey easily identified due to its unique black body, and white facial markings. Note also its long white tail and a white side stripe.

These Monkeys are highly social, living in groups of about 3-15 individuals. An adult Black and white Colobus is capable of jumping up to 30m, an incredible sight with its white tail streaming behind.

While on Uganda tours in Kibale, they can be spotted along the Kanyanchu chimp trail.

  1. Red-Tailed Monkeys- Cercopithecus Ascanius

Red-tailed Monkeys have black or dark-grey bodies. However, they’re named after their red tail.

This monkey is easily identified due to its amazing appearance. Note a coppery tail, white cheek whiskers, and a distinctive white heart-shaped patch on their nose. This has given rise to its more vivid alternative name of Black-cheeked white-nosed Monkey.

Note: Its large elastic cheeks are used to gather food and store it in the mouth for safety.

During your chimpanzee safari in Uganda Kibale NP, this monkey is rarely missed within Kanyanchu primate walk.

  1. L’Hoest’s Monkey- Cercopithecus Lhoesti

L’Hoest’s Monkey is also called a Mountain Monkey. Little is known about this monkey, as it’s more difficult to see. This lovely Monkey is mostly terrestrial and enjoys foraging in dense secondary forests.

Note their dark coat, a chestnut color across the back plus a dark belly. Their cheeks are light grey with a pale moustache and they have a prominent white bib. The tail is long and hook-shaped at the end.

These monkeys are social. They live in small groups dominated by females and often have a single male. If lucky, on your Uganda trip in Kibale Forest, this monkey can be spotted within the Kanyanyu region.

  1. Blue Monkeys- Cercopithecus Mitis

Despite what the common name suggests, Blue Monkeys are not blue. It’s called so due to the hairless face which seems to be colored blue. This Monkey has a dark head top and its body coloration is mainly olive or grey.

This monkey exhibits some black and white markings all over its body with a long tail as its body. These monkeys are social, living in a troop of more females than males.

Males leave the group when they mature. Therefore, solitary males are often spotted.

If lucky on your Uganda safari holiday in Kibale, this monkey can be spotted along the Kanyanchu chimp trail.

  1. Vervet Monkeys- Chlorocebus Pygerythrus

Vervet Monkeys are nice-looking Monkeys, identified easily by their black faces with a white fringe of hair. Their overall hair color is mostly grizzled-grey.

Furthermore, males are recognized by a turquoise-blue scrotum.

In Kibale Forest, they’re hardly missed in Kanyanchu area.

  1. Red Colobus Monkeys- Piliocolobus

The Red Colobus is a witty-looking species of Old-world Monkeys closely related to the Black-and-white Colobus. It has few distinctive features. However, it can be easily identified by its slightly tufted crown.

These monkeys mostly live in big troops of over 80 individuals, however, on average the troop can consist of 20-40 monkeys.

During nature walks in Kanyanyu expanse, this monkey can be spotted. The nearby Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary is another spot.

According to IUCN, it’s critically an endangered species.

  1. Uganda Red Colobus- Piliocolobus Tephrosceles

A Uganda Red Colobus is an endangered species of Old-world Monkey endemic to Uganda and Tanzania.

This Monkey is identified by its rust-red cap on the head and a dark grey to black face. Infants are born with completely black faces and their coat color is ashy-grey.

They have long dark-brown tails that give them balance while in tree canopies. Note also their dark grey or black hands and feet.

These monkeys socially live in troops of about 3-85 members however, the average group size is about 40 individuals.

During Chimpanzee trekking in Kibale National Park, this monkey can be spotted.

  1. Uganda Mangabeys- Lophocebus ugandae

A Uganda Mangabey is an amazing species of Old World Monkey only found in Uganda and Tanzania. This incredible crested Mangabey was previously thought to be a population of the Grey-cheeked Mangabey (albuginea).

It was upgraded to a new species L. ugandae on 16th Feb 2007 by a British-Austrian Biologist and Anthropologist Colin Groves.

Uganda Mangabeys are relatively smaller than the Grey-cheeked Mangabey and have a shorter skull and smaller face.

Please note that species from eastern Uganda have yellowish-brown color while those from the west are slightly darker greyish-brown. The mane and breast are pale chocolate-brown.

It’s mostly an arboreal species, spending most of its time in the upper canopy, where it forages for fruits and seeds.

In Kibale, you can spot it during nature walks in Kanyanchu region.

  1. Grey-Cheeked Mangabey- Lophocebus Albigena

Called also the White-cheeked Mangabey, a Grey-cheeked Mangabeys is an amazing species of Old-world Monkey.

It’s a dark Monkey having baboon-like mannerisms, a shaggier look than any Guenon and light-grey cheeks. Note it’s slightly rufous mane around the neck.

They live in troops of about 5-30 individuals (without a dominant male). Usually, these monkeys dwell in swamps or primary forests. However, some have also been spotted in areas having secondary forests.

During nature walks in Kanyanchu, this monkey can be encountered

  1. Bush Babies- Galagidae

Bush Babies are nice-looking saucer-eyed nocturnal primates also called the Galagos.

They are named after their unique shrill baby-like cry in the quiet night of the forest.

Galagos have soft woolly fur which is grey, brown, or reddish to yellowish brown. Note their large eyes and collapsible ears which can rotate independently like radar dishes to sense prey in the dark. Their big eyes help them to see in low light as they hunt for food.

During guided night forest walks, the Galagos can be spotted in Kibale National Park.

  1. Potto- Perodicticus Potto

Pottos are nocturnal slow-moving primates also called Tree bears. They are also called “Softly-softly” in some English-speaking parts of Africa. They’ve got a long slender body, big eyes, a short tail and small round ears. Their woolly fur body is grey-brown.

This primate has robust limbs with opposable thumbs, used to grasp branches firmly.  Their second digits are short.

Potto’s neck has got 4-6 low tubercles that cover their elongated vertebrae. They have got sharp points, nearly piercing the skin, used as defensive weapons.

During night walks in Kibale Forest, this lovely primate can be spotted.

B. Carnivores Animals In Kibale

Though numerous carnivore animals in Kibale forest national park have been recorded, they’re hardly spotted. This is due to the thickness of the Kibale forest however, lucky ones have encountered them.

Here are the incredible carnivores animals in Kibale

  1. Leopards- Panthera Pardus

For many, Leopards can be confused with a Cheetah. However, they can be differentiated. A Leopard has rosette-shaped spots with short bigger limbs and is more muscular.

Please note that leopards prefer wooded and rocky habitations thus, rarely seen due to their secretive and solitary nature.

Female Leopards mostly give birth to 2-4 cubs frequently in caves, hollow trees, and thickets. Their cubs are born with sealed eyes that open after 4-9 days. In the wild, Leopards can live an average of 12-17 years.

Amazingly, Leopards hunt using stealth and power regularly getting to about 5m before ambushing their intended prey. They can run at a speed of over 58km/h. Though on the animal checklist of Kibale Forest, only lucky individuals can encounter one.

  1. Serval Cats- Leptailurus Serval

A Serval Cat is a wild Cat native to Africa. It is characterized by a small head and large ears. Note its golden-yellow-to-buff coat spotted and striped with black, and has a short black-tipped tail.

The serval has the longest legs of any cat relative to its body size.

Mainly, they prey on rodents, frogs, reptiles, and small birds as they can jump over 4m up in the air. They’re rarely spotted in Kibale national forest.  In Uganda, Entebbe zoo is the best place to see them.

  1. African Golden Cats- Caracal Aurata

African Golden Cats are wild Cats endemic to rainforests. They’re close relatives of both the Caracal and the Serval. Their color ranges from golden reddish-brown, greyish brown to dark slaty.

These beautiful Cats have spots ranging from faded tan to black though, limited to the belly and inner legs.

Its undersides and areas around the eyes, cheeks, chin, and throat are lighter in color to almost white. Its tail is darker on the top and either heavily banded, lightly banded or plain, ending in a black tip.

Though they appear animal checklist of Kibale National Park, they’re rarely spotted. This is due to the thick forest.

  1. African Civets- Civettictis Civetta

African Civets are present in Kibale forest national park Uganda. However, due to their nocturnal habits, they’re rarely seen. They spend the day sleeping in thick vegetation.

They’ve got a unique coloration of black and white blotches covering their coarse fur and rings on the tail are an effective cryptic pattern. The eyes are surrounded by blank bands.

It also has an erectile dorsal mane which extends down its back. This mane can be erected when it’s excited or scared, making it look larger.

The African Civet is omnivorous, preying on small vertebrates, invertebrates, eggs, carrion, etc. If lucky, this Civet can be spotted along your chimp trek trail in the Kanyanchu expanse.

C. Herbivores Animals In Kibale Forest

Numerous herbivore animals in Kibale National Park have been recorded.  These include the African forest Elephants and various antelope species.

Note that most of them are rarely spotted. But, on a lucky day, some might be encountered.

Below are the herbivores animals in Kibale national forest

  1. African Forest Elephants- Loxodonta cyclotis

An elephant is the biggest land animal on earth weighing over 6,000kg on average. Elephants have pillar-like legs, wrinkled grey skin, thick large ears, and a trunk used for feeding, smelling, drinking, dusting, etc.

African Forest Elephants are smaller than their cousins the “African bush Elephants” and entirely dwell in dense rainforests. They’ve more oval-shaped ears and their tusks are straighter, pointing downwards (tusks of savanna elephants curve outwards).

Elephants have a gestation period of about 22 months, and on average, their birth interval is over 3-5 years. They’re invulnerable to predators. However, lions and spotted hyenas have been recorded attacking them.

If you’re lucky, this Elephant can be spotted while on chimpanzee trekking in Kibale national park.

  1. African Forest Buffalos- Syncerus Caffer

African Forest Buffalo is also called the Dwarf buffalo. It’s the smaller species of the African Buffalo weighing about 250- 320kg, found only in tropical rain forests.

The Dwarf Buffalo has a reddish-brown hide that’s darker in the facial area and lower parts of the legs.

The shape and size of its horns distinguish it from the African Cape Buffalo. Forest Buffalos have much smaller horns that are rarely fused.

During Kanyanchu chimp trail walk of Kibale Uganda, lucky visitors can encounter it.

  1. Common Warthogs- Phacochoerus Africanus

A Common Warthog is a wild member of the Pig family normally found in savannahs and woodlands of sub-Saharan Africa. Warthogs weigh on average 45-150kg.

They’re recognized by their 2 pairs of tusks that protrude from the mouth and curve upwards used mainly for defense. Their head is large, with a mane down the spine to the middle of the back.

They’ve sparse hair covering the body, usually black or brown and have a long tail that ends with a tuft of hair.

If lucky, In Kibale national park Uganda, it can be spotted along Kanyanchu area

  1. Giant Forest Hog- Hylochoerus Meinertzhageni

The Giant Forest Hog is the only member of its genus. It lives in the wooded habitats of Africa and is the largest wild member of the Pig family.

This Hog has extensive hairs on its body which are mostly black on the surface. However, its hair near the skin has a deep orange color.

Forest hogs are mainly nocturnal creatures. Note their large pointed ears and tusks which are smaller than those of Warthogs but bigger than those of Bushpigs.

In Kibale National Park, you can spot it during nature walks in Kanyanyu area.

  1. Bushpigs- Potamochoerus Larvatus

The Bushpig is a member of the Pig family commonly found in forests, woodlands, riverine vegetation and cultivated areas. It resembles the domestic pig. However, identified by its blunt muscular snouts, small eyes, and pointed tufted ears.

Their color varies from reddish brown to dark brown. This Pig has a lighter-colored mane which erects when the animal is anxious. The upper parts of the face and ears are also lighter in color.

Due to its nocturnal habits, it’s rarely spotted in Kibale National Park.

  1. Bush Buck- Tragelaphus Sylvaticus

A Bushbuck is a widespread species of Antelope. It’s found in various habitats like riverine forests, woodlands and thicketed.

This Antelope is generally solitary or a territorial browser and a close relative of the Nyala. However, the Bushbuck is relatively larger.

Female Bushbucks have a light brown coat. Note that all sexes have up to 7 white stripes and white spots on the sides. Other white patches are on the ears, chin, tail, legs and neck. The muzzle is also white and horns are found only on the males.

During a chimp trek in Kanyanchu region, this antelope can be spotted in Kibale.

  1. Sitatunga- Tragelaphus Spekii

Sitatungas are swamp-dwelling Antelopes adapted to survive where few antelopes can (swampy habitats). They’re great swimmers capable of hiding underwater leaving eyes and nostrils showing.

In look, they’re closely related to Bushbuck. Males have long twisted horns and their coat color is greyish-brown and reddish-chocolate brown in females.

They’ve white facial markings as well as several stripes and spots all over. White patches can be seen on the throat, and near the head and males have a rough scraggy mane.

During nature walks in the nearby Bigodi Wetland Sanctuary, lucky visitors can spot it.

  1. The Blue Duiker- Philantomba Monticola

The Blue Duiker is a lovely small Duiker found in Africa. This is the smallest Duiker weighing about 3-9km. It has a flat forehead, large eyes, and small ears with a line of white, large nostrils, a broad mouth, and agile lips.

Blue Duikers vary greatly in coloration, their coat can be a shade of blue, grey or brown, and even black. The females are slightly larger than the males.

Although present in Kibale park, it’s rarely spotted by tourists

  1. The Red Forest Duikers- Cephalophus Natalensis

A Red Forest duiker is a beautiful small Duiker species weighing over 14kg. Its reddish-brown coat distinguishes it from other Duikers. Its underparts are paler than the rest of the body

The color of its face is relatively darker than the color of its body. The nape and the throat turn ash-grey as this Duiker ages. Both sexes carry short straight horns of about 6cm long and have a tuft of long hairs between them.

If lucky, this duiker can be spotted within the Kanyanchu region along your chimp hike.

Kibale National Park is a haven for primate safaris in Uganda a must not miss on your Uganda vacation. Some of the primates in Kibale include Chimpanzees, Olive Baboons, Blue Monkeys, Red-tailed, Black and white colobus Monkeys, etc.

Other animals in Kibale National Park include Leopards, Forest Elephants, Buffaloes, Bushbucks, Sitatungas, Bush pigs, Warthogs, etc.

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